• Language

Northgate Primary School

Northgate Primary School



Subject Intent 


By the time they leave Northgate we aim for our children to;

Have developed their experiences and understanding of Geography and to respect the environment around them and in the wider world.

At Northgate we believe that a high-quality Geography education should inspire children’s curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Our Geography Curriculum is designed to immerse children in a variety of learning opportunities to secure their knowledge of diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments as well as developing a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.

Geography is an investigative subject and through our teaching we intend to provoke thought, questions and to encourage children to discover answers to their own questions through exploration and research to enable them to gain a greater understanding and knowledge of the world and their place in it. School visits and focused activities develop children’s knowledge and understanding through experience and practical application. This curriculum will allow pupils will enrich their locational knowledge and spatial and environmental understanding as well as acquire the geographical cultural capital needed to be confident and successful global citizens.



At Northgate, we follow our progression of skills which allows physical, human and environmental geography are taught through topic areas. We have designed the sequence of learning to start with the world the children know best: their own local environment followed by the United Kingdom (Year 1). As they progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. In Year 2, we expand the children’s knowledge and understanding to the whole of the planet. They learn to locate and name the seven continents and the five oceans as well as focusing in on a contrasting location (Jamaica) and comparing that with their own local area.

In Lower Key Stage 2, children extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include a detailed study of the United Kingdom (Year 3) and Europe (Year 4). This will include the location and characteristics of a range of significant human and physical features. They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge.

In Upper Key Stage 2, children go on to study North America (Year 5) and South America, with an in-depth study of Brazil (Year 6). They will study some of the natural characteristics of the areas as well as the human features. They also explore economy and trade links and the impact humans are having on the planet.


Developing Geographical Skills and Fieldwork:   

Alongside the rich knowledge of the Geography Curriculum, children learn Geographical skills which are ongoing and developed over time. For example, children do not study ‘map skills’ just once and then progress to using a compass. The development of these important Geographical skills are ongoing and taught across multiple units of study. There is clear progression of these skills and a child’s map reading skills in Year 6, with their rich knowledge of the world, will be more advanced than those taught in years 1 and 2.  

Northgate Primary School Geography Curriculum Overview and Progression Document